Test/review of DMM HoldPeak HP-770D

1 post / 0 new
HKJ
HKJ's picture
Offline
Last seen: 52 min 32 sec ago
Joined: 05/24/2011 - 12:23
Posts: 6673
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
Test/review of DMM HoldPeak HP-770D

DMM HoldPeak HP-770D

DSC_6193

This is a DMM with 40000 count display and lot of functions.

DSC_6176
DSC_6177
DSC_6178
DSC_6179
DSC_6181

It arrived in a universal HoldPeak cardboard box.

DSC_6182
DSC_6183

Inside the box was a pouch with everything inside.

DSC_6185

It included the DMM, a pair of probes, a thermocoupler, a instructions sheet and the pouch.

DSC_6190
DSC_6213

No tip covers on these probes that is rated for 1000V Cat III and 20A
This means the rating is wrong.

DSC_6192

The plug is fully shrouded.

DSC_6188
DSC_6189

The thermocoupler is encapsulated, this makes it usefull for inserting in stuff, but not as good for measuring surface temperatures.

DSC_6194

DSC_6197DSC_6198

DSC_6367DSC_6368
DSC_6369DSC_6370

Using the tilting bale I was a bit worried about it breaking, after some time it got a bit more loose.

DSC_6209

DSC_6199

DSC_6202

DSC_6212

There is a small light in the range switch.

DSC_6347

DSC_6348

The sleeve do not give much protection agains bumps.

DSC_6349




Display

DSC_6204

The above picture shows all the segments on the display.

DSC_6205

Display during normal usage, it will show selected range and value.

DSC_6203

Voltage detector shows dashes depending on the strength of the electric field. It will also beep and turn on a red led while there is a field present.

DSC_6211

At the top is two leds used for the NCV, green when no field detected and red when a field is detected. The center position is a photosensor used to turn on the backligh on the display and the light in the range switch.


Functions

DSC_6207

Buttons:


  • Select: Select between AC/DC and different function for ohm settings.
  • Range: Will disable auto range and change range, hold down to activate auto range.
  • Rel: Shows values relative to current value, will also select manual range. Press again to disable.
  • Hz duty: Shows frequency and duty cycle in AC and frequency ranges.
  • Hold: Freezes the display.
  • Max/Min: Captures maximum/minimum values, will show min/max, requires repeating pulses to capacture the full value.

Rotary switch:

  • Off: Meter is turned off
  • A: Current AC and DC. In AC the Hz button will show frequency and duty cycle.
  • mA: Current AC and DC. In AC the Hz button will show frequency and duty cycle.
  • uA: Current AC and DC. In AC the Hz button will show frequency and duty cycle.
  • hFe: Transistor tester.
  • °C/°F: Temperature, will show internal temperature when no probe is connected.
  • NCV: Non contact voltage or electric field detection.
  • Hz: Frequency, use Hz button to select duty cycle.
  • C: capacitance.
  • ohm: Resistance, diode and continuity.
  • mV: Show DC or AC mV. In AC the Hz button will show duty cycle.
  • V: Show DC or AC Volt. In AC the Hz button will show duty cycle.
  • Off: Meter is turned off

REL and MAX/MIN turns off auto ranging.


Input

DSC_6206


  • 20A: High current, maximum is 20A for 10 seconds.
  • mAuA: The lower current ranges and temperature.
  • COM: The common terminal for all ranges.
  • xxx: All other ranges.

The shutters secures that only the correct inputs are accessible.



Measurements

  • Volt and frequency

    • Frequency counter (Range Hz) will count as long as the voltage goes within 1V of COM positive or negative.
    • At 1Vrms frequency input range is 0.9Hz to 19MHz
    • Frequency is always auto range
    • Frequency counter and duty cycle can only be selected in AC ranges.
    • Duty cycle works from 30% to 70% at 100kHz with 2Vpp, precision is within 1.6
    • Duty cycle works from 1% to 99% at 100kHz with 4Vpp, precision is within 0.1
    • 1 VAC is 5% down at 5.0kHz (RMS will not work at the frequency).
    • Min/max is about 360ms to capture a value (It require that the peak repeats).
    • Input impedance is 10-11Mohm on DC and AC including mV
    • mV DC/AC input impedance drops to 2kohm above 2V
    • Frequency input is 3-6Mohm below 2V above it drops to 2kohm.
    • Rated overload protection is 100VDC and 750VAC

  • Current

    • Frequency counter and duty cycle can only be selected in AC ranges.
    • Fuse on uA/mA is 500mA/500V 6.3×32mm
    • Fuse on A is 20A/500V 6.3×32mm
    • mA range has audible alert when current is too high
    • 20A for up to 10 seconds.

  • Ohm, Continuity, diode and capacitance

    • Ohm needs about 3s to measure 100ohm
    • Ohm is 1.0V open and 0.39mA shorted
    • Continuity is moderate (About 110ms).
    • Continuity beeps when resistance is below 62ohm.
    • Continuity is 1.0V open and 0.39mA shorted
    • Diode range uses 2.7V, max. display is 1.9999V at 0.4mA, max. current is 1.5mA shorted
    • 11000uF takes about 9 seconds to measure (A too low value is shown af 5 seconds).
    • Rated overload protection on is 500V DC/AC

  • Miscellaneous

    • Current consumption of meter is 1.4mA in DC and 5.3mA in AC ranges(9.5mA with backlight in AC)
    • Meter works down to 2.4V where it will turn off, battery symbol show at 8.0V.
    • Reading are stable down to 3.5 volt, below that it will increase the reading significantly (40% above at 2.5V)
    • Backlight brightness starts to drop at 4.5V and is dim at 3.2V
    • Backlight has a significat hotspot where the led is placed.
    • Viewing angle is good.
    • Display updates around 5 times/sec
    • Bargraph works at same speed as the numeric readings.
    • The meter usual need a couple or more display update to reach the final value.
    • Backlight is controlled by ambient ligthning, i.e. it turns automatic on.
    • Will automatic turn power off in about 15 minutes (Holding SELECT down during power on to disable).
    • Standard probes can be fully inserted.
    • Weight is 355g without accessories, but with rubber sleve and batteries.
    • Size is 194 × 88 × 44mm with rubber sleve and battery.

  • Probes

    • Probe resistanse 42mOhm for one.
    • Probe wire is soft and 100cm long.


1uF

A look at the capacitance measurement waveform when measuring 1uF.

DMMInputVoltageSweepHz

Frequency input resistance.

DMMschema

Manual list 9999 is maximum in capacitance and frequency, that is not correct.





Tear down

DSC_6350

I had to remove two screws to open the DMM.

DSC_6351

The circuit board is shaped to fix exactly.

DSC_6352

6 screws and I could remove the circuit board. I did also remove the screws for the input terminals, but that was not necessary.
There is a light pipe at the center of the range switch.

DSC_6353

DSC_6364

DSC_6365

The range switch has a track to control the shutters. The click uses small steel balls, they had a tendency to pop out when removing the circuit board!

DSC_6354

On this side of the circuit board is the transistor tester socket, the display, the two leds and a LDR (Light sensitive resistor) in addition to the pads for the switches.

DSC_6355 DSC_6356

DSC_6362

I had to remove 5 screws to get the display free.

DSC_6363

And there is nothing under the display, except from some soft stuff to prevent the backlight from rattling.

DSC_6357

The 20A shunt has a oops wire to the fuse, the track was obvious not enough. The uA and mA shunts are the two MELF resistors (R14: 99ohm, R15: 0.99ohm). The diodes (D1, D2, D3, D4) is protection of the current shunts. There is a led in the center of the range switch.
For protection of ohm and other ranges there is a small PTC and two clamp transistors (T3 & T4). It looks like a diode (D5) protects the meter agains wrongly connected battery. There is a 3.0V supply (IC4: 7530) and a reference (IC5: LM385-1.2).
The meter frontend (IC2: HY3131 50000 count DMM chip) with a processor (IC1: HY11P14) and a parameter memory (24C02N).
The NCV antenna is a metal strip soldered in the circuit board. It uses two high impedance resistors (R47 & R48: 2×100M, R49 is only 10Mohm) to control the potential on it.

DSC_6358
DSC_6359 DSC_6361
DSC_6360





Conclusion

As usual on cheap(er) DMM’s the CAT rating is wrong, meter cannot be rated for 1000V and use 500V fuses. The transistor tester may also be problematic.
I like the high resolution, but it only increase precision on VDC, all other ranges do not have higher precision, only higher resolution.
The shutters reduces the risk of mistakes when switching between voltage and current, it is a good safety feature. The non standard sequence of input terminals are not.
The meter has a very good selection of ranges, but some more advanced functions is missing (Like average and peak).
Display updates are fast, but that do not make the meter fast, it is rather slow.



Notes

How do I review a DMM
More DMM reviews

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/