Overcharged 18650 to 4.5V

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Yelov
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Overcharged 18650 to 4.5V

I think my Liitokala lii402 charger is broken.

Basically I had 2 samsung 30Q batteries at around 3.8v I think and put them on the charger. It showed that they were at only 1 out of 4 bars charged. I took them out right now and in multiple flashlights it’s showing 4.5 volts (4 blinks followed by 5).

What am I supposed to do now?

Do I just discharge them normally by using them in a flashlight or are they going to explode or something?

BLF Q8, Emisar D4, Astrolux FT03, Astrolux MF01S

Henk4U2
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A battery is like a see-saw between energy and chemistry.
The internal chemistry changes every time you are charging and discharging a battery.
Over-charging and over-discharging may lead to an unwanted or irreversible chemical composition.
My best guess is that a 30Q, a strong work-horse like battery, can take some beating. But not too long.
I you suspect there is something wrong, try to establish normal working conditions (2.8V-4.2V) asap.

Question, did the battery get hot when you overcharged it? If not, put it in a flashlight and shine away!
If the chemistry of battery is irreversible changed or damaged you might notice that the capacity is lower.
Next time when you charge the battery, check the temperature (back of the hand/fingers).
BTW=> Never charge a battery un-attended!

You are a flashaholic if you are forced to come out of the closet, to make room for more flashlights.

Yelov
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No, the batteries weren’t warm when I took them out. I tested the voltage across my 4 flashlights, it was mostly 4.5V or 4.4V on the other battery. Only my BLF Q8 showed 4.3V.
I’m probably going to try to discharge them, I just really hope it won’t blow my hand off.
Btw I was constantly looking at the charger, it was still showing that they weren’t charged. I took them out and tested the voltage because it was taking too long and that’s how I found out.

BLF Q8, Emisar D4, Astrolux FT03, Astrolux MF01S

ChrisGarrett
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Something’s wrong, as 4.50v is way out of spec..

I’d ditch the charger until I confirmed things with other known quality cells.

Chris

Macka17
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Use a Milti. Check them properly. ($10)

Price of Chargers. and price of battery’s.
In regards to value of your hands.
There’s plenty of coupons around for both.

I wouldn’t have asked.
They’d already be outside in bin.

Those things ARE mini Handgrenades if anything gets off balance inside.
Don’t take the chance mate.

Actually, a coupla chargers is good. for several reasons.
I have a XTAR VC4. for multi Batt Torches (4 cell) Get even charge right across them that way.
Then a VC2 for travelling, and covers individual battery’s from most of my torches.

Whoops. That VC2 does not charge my LI-Po4 10440’s Drrrr. Didn’t think to check.
LiitoKala Lii202. That does.
Hmmm. Now I got 3.??? Less than $20 for all 3.

Yelov
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I put the two cells in my BLF Q8, went outside and let it run on turbo for 5 minutes on the ground. It’s showing 3.9V in BLF Q8 now or 4.1V in my other flashlights. I don’t know if they still have the potential to be dangerous if they are at a safe voltage.

And ye, I’m not gonna use the charger anymore. Actually I wrote a mistake, it was a Liitokala lii202, I’m now waiting for Liitokala lii402.

BLF Q8, Emisar D4, Astrolux FT03, Astrolux MF01S

SIGShooter
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Yelov wrote:
I put the two cells in my BLF Q8, went outside and let it run on turbo for 5 minutes on the ground. It’s showing 3.9V in BLF Q8 now or 4.1V in my other flashlights. I don’t know if they still have the potential to be dangerous if they are at a safe voltage.

And ye, I’m not gonna use the charger anymore. Actually I wrote a mistake, it was a Liitokala lii202, I’m now waiting for Liitokala lii402.

You should definitely get a DMM since it’s questionable how accurate the voltage checks are in flashlights.
BlueSwordM
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Get yourself a multimeter.

I really doubt it’s at 4,5V.

My very own high current Beryllium Copper springs Gen 3:
http://budgetlightforum.com/node/67401
Liitokala Aliexpress Stores Battery Fraud: http://budgetlightforum.com/node/60547

everydaysurvivalgear
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Should be okay seeing as they are brand name cells. Back in the days on here these Russian swore by charging all there cells to 4.4v because it gave them a performance boost lol.

Cereal_killer
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A lii202 is a well regarded safe, simple charger. Idk if there’s fakes you need to worry about but most importantly, as others have said, GET A DMM!! You’re probably fine but right now you have no way of knowing. Voltage display functions in a flashlight are for basic monitoring during use, not for measuring voltages of a cell with possible safety issues.

Even the worst quality dollar store junk DMM you can buy will be more repeatable and accurate then voltage check in a flashlight…

 RIP  SPC Joey Riley, KIA 11/24/14. Now I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.

varbos
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You need to throw the cell out the window immediately and then duck

Th558
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Just make sure it doesn’t explode when it hits the ground (place something soft on the floor). Also it’s best to have a fire extinguisher at hand just in case…and if you don’t think it’s worth the risk you can always throw it in a neighbours house. just make sure you’ve got a lawyer ready.

Boaz
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Yep ..odds are really good it wasn't 4.5v 

either way you need a DMM

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Macka17
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Nothing goes into charger. out of charger.
Into any torch in this house without a reading first.

I Keep all spares in Pr’s with V’age written on casing in Texta.
Brand and V matching.
Those things are too volatile if things go even slightly wrong.

snakebite
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for sure dont use that charger again till you find out if it is overcharging.
dont want to be priming incendiary grenades!

bushmaster
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I’ve had several chargers over the years that overcharged batteries. I just junk them Even the ones that only charge to 4.25 I do not want because they shorten the life of your cells. Believe it or not, I meter every cell that comes off my devices. I don’t meter the cells that come off my charger normally because it is an analyzing charger and shows the basic measurements of the cell—may not be accurate but will alert me to anomalies in my battery stock. Then I can look further. JMO

Keep your nose in the wind and your eyes along the skyline.
Del Gue

Barkuti
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Others have said this already but “flashlight blinks” is no proper meter. Likely inaccurate.

A multimeter is the way to go. There are plenty of inexpensive, low voltage precise units fine for hobby use. Check some at Henrik's site.

Your cells are tough and just were slightly overcharged. That's all. 0 issues. 

Innocent

WalkIntoTheLight
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Yeah, as many others have said, get a $10 multimeter that will give you far better accuracy in voltage measurements than any flashlight will.

Lights like the BLF Q8 will give you a rough estimate of voltage, but mine blinks out a reading that is about 0.1v – 0.15v too low. YMMV.

If you really did charge those cells to 4.5v, I’d be very careful about using them. They might be okay, or they may have been damaged. It’s difficult to tell. At the very least, charge them to 4.2v and let them rest for a couple of weeks. If they drop below 4.15v over those weeks, they’re probably damaged. Running a capacity test on them is also a good idea, but it sounds like you don’t have the equipment for that.

You can safely charge to 4.3v, though it will cut down the number of cycles you will get by about half. Higher than 4.3v is unsafe, IMO. If you’re concerned about safety, it’s probably best to get rid of those cells.

Barkuti
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WalkIntoTheLight wrote:
… Higher than 4.3v is unsafe, IMO. …

In all honesty, cells/batteries are subjected to a lot more voltage stress (overcharge) in UN/DOT 38.3 transportation testing for lithium cells and batteries (there was a downloadable PDF document somewhere). And batteries don't blow up.

Even if those 30Qs were at ≈4.5V for a small while, this means they probably lost a few cycles and that is all. They are perfectly fine otherwise. 

Innocent

WalkIntoTheLight
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Barkuti wrote:

WalkIntoTheLight wrote:
… Higher than 4.3v is unsafe, IMO. …

In all honesty, cells/batteries are subjected to a lot more voltage stress (overcharge) in UN/DOT 38.3 transportation testing for lithium cells and batteries (there was a downloadable PDF document somewhere). And batteries don’t blow up.


Even if those 30Qs were at ≈4.5V for a small while, this means they probably lost a few cycles and that is all. They are perfectly fine otherwise. 

Yes, that’s likely true. But the user has to balance that with safety, and decide how much risk they’re willing to take. There’s always a risk with lithium-ion, even when used “normally”. It’s very small, but that risk does go up when operated outside the recommended specs.

These cells aren’t even supposed to be used for flashlights. Large currents, anode and cathode right next to each other on one end of the tube, with just a small plastic or cardboard separator, and a really thin plastic wrap, to stop an easy short. I can hear government bureaucrats wringing their hands…