Test/Review of Charger Xtar VC2

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HKJ
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Test/Review of Charger Xtar VC2
Charger Xtar VC2

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Xtar makes many LiIon chargers, this is a usb powered dual channel charger with display. The charger can charge with up to 0.5A for each channel, but the current is not user adjustable.

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I got the charger in a small cardboard box with the specifications printed on it.

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Inside the box the charger was in a small fabric bag, this can be useful if it is used as a travel charger.

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The bag contained the charger, a usb cable, a warranty card and a instruction manual.

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The charger is usb powered from a micro usb connector, but there is not a power supply included, i.e. you must supply your own usb power supply/charger. With a maximum charger current of 1A the charger works best with high power chargers, but will reduce its current if the power supply is overloaded.
I have tested a few usb power supplied.

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There is only a display as user interface, no buttons or switches.

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The display uses dials to show voltage and maximum current, it does also have some 7 segment digits to show charged capacity.

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The current dial only shows the maximum charge current, the actual current is lower when the battery is in the CV phase.
The voltage dials shows the actual voltage when in range:
0V Battery voltage is low, charger is only using low current, display may show "Err" if there is a problem with the batteries.
3.0V Voltage is high enough to start regular charge.
3.5V-4.2V Regular charge, display is within 0.1 volt.

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The charger can handle both button top and flat top batteries.
The slider moves smoothly and can hand cells from 30mm to 71 mm long.

supportedBatteryTypes

supportedBatterySizes DSC_7980 DSC_7981
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The charger can handle 71 mm long batteries, including flat top cells.



Measurements charger
  • When charging the last digit in the capacity displays will flash.
  • The charger will charge with 2.4mA from 0 volt and display will show "Err"
  • At 0.2 volt it will start charging with 340mA (It will be down to 180mA 2.9 volt) at and display will show mAh.
  • At 2.9 volt regular charge current will be applied.
  • When charging two batteries with reduced current, they may not charge at the same speed.
  • When charge is finished the charger will charge with 0.3mA.
  • Charger will restart if voltage drops to 3.9 volt.
  • Charge will restart charging after power loss, or battery insertion.
  • When not connected to power it will drain about 0.1mA from a battery.
  • Current dial will show maximum possible charge current, not actual charge current.
  • Charge current steps down if usb voltage drops too much and may step up if usb voltage recovers (Like when one slot is finished).
  • Voltage dial will show within 0.1 volt when voltage is above 3.5 volt, between 4.1V and 4.2V is does also have a 4.15V position.
  • Voltage dial is within 0.1 volt when voltage is above 3.5 volt.
  • The 3 volt position on the voltage dial looks like it signals "start of regular charge", i.e. 2.9 volt.
  • mAh display flashes "Full" when the corresponding battery is full.
  • The background light will flash when at least one battery is full.

The light green line is usb current consumption, the dark green is charge current.

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The charger does a nice CC/CV charge with a termination at about 50mA. There is some oscillation during the final part of the charge, but it does not affect the result.
The display shows 2918mAh charged into the battery.

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The other channel has a similar result.
The display shows 2932mAh charged into the battery.

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The 2600mAh battery has a very long CV phase, probably because it is getting old.
The display shows 2549mAh charged into the battery.

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The 3400mAh takes slightly longer to charge.
The display shows 3254mAh charged into the battery.

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The charger has no problem with my old IMR cell.
The display shows 177mAh charged into the battery.

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The display shows 715mAh charged into the battery.

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The display shows 784mAh charged into the battery.

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Supplying a falling voltage to the charger shows that the current regulation works at around 4.7 volt. When the voltage gets below 4.7 volt the charger will start reducing charge current, until the voltage is above 4.7 volt again. If this does not happen the charger will stop completely.

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To see the current limiter in function I put a 1ohm resistor in series with the power supply, this simulates a fairly bad usb power supply.
As can be seen the charge current is reduced, but the cell is fully charged.
The display shows 2791mAh charged into the battery with 0.3A current.

Xtar%20VC2%201ohm%20(2xPA18650-31)

With two batteries and 1ohm in series with the power supply the charger has to limit the current even more. This shows that the two channels is not balanced, there is a significant difference in charge current (This cannot be seen in the chart). After 23½ hour the mAh count was 2088 and 2746. When the second cell finished (At 1500 in the chart), the first cell was charged at a much higher current.
The display shows 2846mAh and 2904mAh charged into the battery with 0.1A current.

Xtar%20VC2%20(2xPA18650-31)

With two batteries and a stable 5 volt power supply the charger will use about 500mA for each battery when charging.
The temperature raise is very limited.

Temp1383

M1: 24,8°C, M2: 24,7°C, M3: 27,4°C, HS1: 33,8°C
There is no doubt about where the heat generation is, but actual temperature shows that it is a insignificant heat generation.

Temp1382

M1: 24,7°C, M2: 24,3°C, M3: 28,0°C, HS1: 36,4°C

Startup

The charger needs about 6 seconds to start.

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But if the power is limited it will use some more time to adjust the charge current.

Charge

The scope traces looks very smooth, but that is only because I filters them. The charger is using a unfiltered 62kHz charge current.

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When current is reduced the charge will dynamically adjust the current.


Because the charger is supplied from usb power there will not be any safety issues with it, but be careful with the usb power adapter.



Conclusion

The actual charging is very good, but is a bit slow or very slow, depending on the usb supply used. The charger can draw a lot of current from the usb port, it will not be a problem with most usb chargers and power banks, but I wonder how a PC usb 2 ports will handle it.

The charger is a nice for car and travel usage and can also be used at home, but it is a good idea to find a power supply that can supply enough current and voltage for full charge speed. Remember to use a short cable between power supply and charger to avoid slow down due to losses in the cable.

I will call it a good charger.



Notes

The charger was supplied by XTAR for a review.

Here is an explanation on how I did the above charge curves: How do I test a charger

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

Edited by: sb56637 on 06/25/2015 - 14:21
Xandre
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Thanks

Allways like your good and informative reviews .

djozz
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Thanks for another very thorough charger test Smile

Fritz t. Cat
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When I had only a 1 amp. charger, I put it on my lap top when charging 14500 cells. One could charge 10440 cells the same way with this one.

Flashlight designers should look at lighthouses and pottery.
这些谁设计的手电筒应该看灯塔,以及在陶器。

MountainKing
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Good charger according to HKJ.
Good for travel

Cons:
Slow charge time.
Draws a lot of power from USB.
No user adjustable charge output Smile

Good charger but I need a better all rounder! Thanks for the review HKJ.

Never ever forget and forgive. Niwal**er new kid on the block trying to act tough.
http://budgetlightforum.com/node/24847
Do not support this brand.

DINODIRECTSCAM COMPANY. DO NOT BUY
http://budgetlightforum.com/node/11324?page=2#comment-254983

WarHawk-AVG
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Wow…I didn’t realize it had such a cool display for the charger…very cool

Thanks for the review

hank
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The VC2 did only li-ion
The VC4 charges li-ion and NiMH also
The VC2+ adds NiMH charging — did they give anything up? still a good charger?

EDIT — oops, obsolete already, XtarDirect emailed word of the “VC2+Master” charger
http://www.xtardirect.com/products/vc2-plus-master-charger

Sounds complicated, maybe in useful ways

Quote:
USB Output Function: Power-Path USB output enables you to charge both batteries and the external device at the same time while power is connected. VC2 Plus Master is more than a charger for your batteries. It also a charger for your device.

I wonder what happens if you use a solar panel for the input power source — will the 2+Master “buffer” changes in the solar power and keep another device charged?

I’m recycling my older 18650 lights by putting in 1.2-1.5v drivers and giving them to people with 4/3AF (“18650-size”) NiMH cells.
(available from Sanyo and Panasonic, as well as no-name brands)

So looking for an appropriate charger to give away that will handle these larger NiMH cells — rather than giving people alligator clips and magnets to connect to the usual AA-size chargers.

marcolopes
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I have the annoying “digital hiss” from this charger, with or without batteries charging

Any users have this? I use to return all the electronics that make “hiss”, as it’s a sign of “bad design” or at least bad electronics…

I bought it from the XTAR OFFICIAL store on ALI Express: https://pt.aliexpress.com/item/32830649369.html

HKJ
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marcolopes wrote:
I have the annoying “digital hiss” from this charger, with or without batteries charging

Any users have this? I use to return all the electronics that make “hiss”, as it’s a sign of “bad design” or at least bad electronics…

I bought it from the XTAR OFFICIAL store on ALI Express: https://pt.aliexpress.com/item/32830649369.html

A hiss sound has nothing to do with digital stuff, but is from the switch mode supply (A charge circuit is often a switching supply), usually from the regulation because the actual switching frequency is way above the audible range.
Generally there is nothing you can do about it, how bad it is depends on the regulation and how well the inductors are glued together. To get “low noise” inductors you dip them in some sort of varnish, preferable with the inductors directly from a vacuum and fairly hot (This cost money and is often skipped and means you get a audible device).

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

marcolopes
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HKJ wrote:
A hiss sound has nothing to do with digital stuff, but is from the switch mode supply (A charge circuit is often a switching supply), usually from the regulation because the actual switching frequency is way above the audible range. Generally there is nothing you can do about it, how bad it is depends on the regulation and how well the inductors are glued together. To get “low noise” inductors you dip them in some sort of varnish, preferable with the inductors directly from a vacuum and fairly hot (This cost money and is often skipped and means you get a audible device).

Thanks for the explanation… anyway, this should not be present on a quality product…

atobe
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If you think it’s not a quality product then return it and buy something else. No need to make 5 threads. My vapcell s4 charger power supply does the same thing. May be don’t buy that one either since it’s not quality as you think.

"☚ (<‿<)☚"