Charger settings

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HKJ
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Charger settings

In my charger reviews I often comment on a high termination current, and says that the battery will not be fully charger, but I do not specify more precise what that means.
In this test here I have taken a battery and charged it with many different charge settings and then measured the capacity and energy in the battery. All the measurements was done on automated equipment, i.e. voltage, current and timing was exactly the same in each test, except the charger termination setting.

For the test I have used a fairly new AW18650-26 cell:

 

The charger started at 1.3 volt and followed a perfect CC/CV curve until the specified limits.
After charging the battery rested for one hour.
The discharge was done at 1 ampere and stopped when the battery was down to 2.8 volt.

In the table the green line is what a typical hobby charger will do at the 1A LiPo setting.

Plotting the voltage after 60 minute versus capacity shows a very good correlation:

I hope to add a few other cells later on, but the test takes a long time and I need my equipment for some other stuff, i.e. it will be some time before I have time to add more cells.

My ideas for other cells are: A 16340 cell and a undefined older 18650 cell.

 

Note: The idea with this test it not to test a specific cell, but to see the consequence of different charger termination voltage/current.

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

Edited by: HKJ on 11/09/2011 - 15:49
Nautic
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As I read your table the best setting for the termination voltage should be 4.25

and current very low.

Is this universal for all batteries or only for the one used here?

Cheap quality is good - Expensive crap isn´t

HKJ
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Nautic wrote:

As I read your table the best setting for the termination voltage should be 4.25

and current very low.

Is this universal for all batteries or only for the one used here?

 

That would give the highest capacity for the battery, but would also give the shortest lifetime for the battery.

The general tendency is the same for all chargers/batteries: Higher voltage and lower termination current will stuff more energy into the battery.

 

I would guess that on a used battery the energy would just be wasted, i.e. it will not stay at the high voltage (and it will wear down even faster). As I wrote above, I plan on doing a test with a used battery.

 

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

Nautic
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Thanks for info. Is it possible with a little "screwdriverdrill" to change values

on a cheap charger, or does it need programming?

Cheap quality is good - Expensive crap isn´t

HKJ
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Nautic wrote:
Thanks for info. Is it possible with a little "screwdriverdrill" to change values on a cheap charger, or does it need programming?

For many charger chips it is build into the chip. I have not been analyzing the cheap chargers how they fix the charge voltage, it might be a fixed resistor or defined by the chip, I have never seen a charger with a trimpot (But then I do not open all the chargers I get, there is a small possiblity that some of them have trimpots).

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/