Low current discharge of batteries

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HKJ
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Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
Low current discharge of batteries

Low current discharge of batteries
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My usual battery tests uses a fairly high discharge current, but in many applications batteries will last for weeks or months with the device on. To get some better data for this I decided to do some low current discharges, i.e. with discharge times up to a few weeks. For this I I will show capacity down to a couple of different voltages.
Due to the time involved I can only do it with a few batteries, other brands may be better or worse.
Content
    AA, Duracell Plus Power AA
    AAA, Duracell Plus Power AAA
    9V, Panasonic Pro Power
    CR2032, Panasonic
    LR44, Renata
    Notes


AA, Duracell Plus Power AA
DSC_3529
Discharge%20capacity%20Duracell%20Plus%20Power%20AA
First battery is a normal AA cell, it can deliver more than 3000mAh at low current, if the connected equipment can work with a low battery voltage.
Discharge%20time%20Duracell%20Plus%20Power%20AA
Here it is with a scale in days. With 5mA it is fairly easy to reach 3 weeks of continuous on time.
Discharge%20Capacity%20Duracell%20Plus%20Power%20AA%20chart
To calculate runtime for some equipment, measure the current consumption and check at what voltage it reports battery empty or dies, then find the closest point in the chart and divide the number with the measured current consumption, that is the estimated runtime in hours.
An example: Device uses 4mA and reports battery empty at 1.2V
The closets match is 5mA and 1.2V, it says 2313mAh, i.e. .estimated runtime will be 2313/4 -> 578 hours -> 24 days.
Another example: Device uses 17mA and reports battery empty at 1.3V
The closets match is 20mA and 1.3V, it says 1523mAh, i.e. estimated runtime will be 1523/17 -> 89 hours -> 3.7 days.
With multiple batteries: Device uses 11mA and reports battery empty at 4.8V, it uses 4 batteries.
First we need the empty value for one battery: 4.8V/4 -> 1.2V, because batteries are used in series current will be unchanged.
The closets match is 10mA and 1.2V, it says 2284mAh, i.e. estimated runtime will be 2284/11 -> 207 hours -> 8.6 days.
AAA, Duracell Plus Power AAA
DSC_3537
Discharge%20capacity%20Duracell%20Plus%20Power%20AAA
The AAA has less capacity, and surprisingly I got same result at 5mA and 10mA (I did the 5mA twice with same result).
Discharge%20time%20Duracell%20Plus%20Power%20AAA
Less capacity also means fewer days.
Discharge%20Capacity%20Duracell%20Plus%20Power%20AAA%20chart
See AA battery on explanation on how to use the table.
9V, Panasonic Pro Power
DSC_4168
Discharge%20capacity%20Panasonic%209V%20ProPower
The capacity is less for 9V, but they can often be used to a lower voltage, using more of the capacity.
Discharge%20time%20Panasonic%209V%20ProPower
Discharge%20capacity%20Panasonic%209V%20ProPower%20Chart
See AA battery on explanation on how to use the table.
CR2032, Panasonic
DSC_7050
Discharge%20capacity%20Panasonic%20CR2032
Discharge%20time%20Panasonic%20CR2032
Discharge%20capacity%20Panasonic%20CR2032%20Chart
See AA battery on explanation on how to use the table.
LR44, Renata
DSC_7767
Discharge%20capacity%20Renata%20LR44
Discharge%20time%20Renata%20LR44
Discharge%20capacity%20Renata%20LR44%20Chart
See AA battery on explanation on how to use the table.
Notes
These table is used when I estimate battery life on the multimeters I test.
I hope to do some more battery types later this year (2019).

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

Milan
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Last seen: 1 week 4 days ago
Joined: 05/08/2012 - 12:13
Posts: 310
Location: Czech Republic

Thanks a lot for this article. It’ good to show to some people using rechargeables in everything – thinking how much they save – when ordinary alkaline can outlast even LSDs by over 2 times.
Would be perfect if you included the zinc types to compare.