domasleo’s Old Lumens Contest Entry - Modded Category

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domasleo
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domasleo’s Old Lumens Contest Entry - Modded Category

Hello,
I’m domasleo. I am pretty new to the flashlight community. I only purchased my first good flashlight (Emisar D4v2) back in June. Since then I’ve purchased a few more lights and done a bit of experimenting with customizing lights. Until now, I haven’t actually done anything serious though.

I wanted something much more powerful than my D4v2 but I didn’t want to buy something stock. I wasn’t sure if I wanted to build a fully custom light or mod a light.

A couple of months ago I was in an antique shop and I saw this super cool lantern from around 1950.

When I saw it I knew I had to have it. It was a bit expensive at $35, but I didn’t care. After getting this light I decided I wanted to mod it and make it have a really bright high-CRI warm white beam. I wasn’t sure how to do this as I had never modded a light before so I did a lot of research. I ended up deciding to purchase the internal components of an Emisar D18 and use those in this light.

In this post I’ll document the process of modding this light. It’ll go from around 10 lumens output to 10,000. I think a one-thousand-fold increase in brightness is pretty good Big Smile .

Parts List:

The first part is the flashlight host that I pictured above. I’ll need to modify this a lot in order to fit all of the components into it and prevent them from overheating.

Next is the MCPCB with the emitters. I went with 3000k SST-20 emitters for a nice warm white light. I chose this because I wanted it to be similar to the original light’s color temperature.

The next part is the driver board. If the PCB with the emitters is the heart of the flashlight, this is the brain. The driver controls the light, and even though the D18 doesn’t have auxiliary colored emitters, the board has pads to connect aux LEDs to so I may end up adding nice aux LEDs to this light.

The optics and reflector are obviously important parts of any light that you don’t want to have a flood beam. The light I am modding does have a reflector, but the beam was a bit floody so I’m thinking I may use 6 of the optics but leave the other 12 emitters bare so I have a slightly floody beam with a nice soft hotspot in the center. This is subject to change once I build the light and see how the beam looks, but this is the plan for now.

For wiring I’m using 22 AWG copper wire from Intl Outdoor. This wiring can handle up to 200 degrees so I don’t need to worry about it overheating and shorting-out.

I need something to hold the batteries, and for that I’m using these cheap 18650 holders from Amazon.

I could probably modify the switch on the host to work as an e-switch, but since it’s a toggle switch, it would be a bit of a pain to use. I decided to get a nice big 22 mm stainless steel momentary switch. The switch was like $10, but it seems to be really well made so I’m okay with the price. At this point, I’m not sure if the switch is too long and will interfere with the reflector; if it is I’ll have to mod it somehow.

I originally planned to remove the batteries from the light and put them in a charger every time I needed to charge them, but I’ve since decided to try to wire up the light so I can recharge it with a micro USB cable. I disassembled an old power bank I had to remove the circuit board from it. This should work just fine to charge the batteries, since the power bank used 18650s, the same type of batteries the light is going to use. In a pinch I could even use the flashlight as a battery bank to charge my phone.

In order to prevent the emitters and driver board from overheating, I need a heatsink. For the heatsink I decided to use aluminum, because by weight it’s a better conductor than copper, and it is quite inexpensive. I was able to get two 3.25×1.13 inch aluminum rods for about $20 on eBay. This isn’t cheap, but it’s a lot less than copper would have been. I’ll probably only one one of these, but I got an extra just in case I need it. I can always use it for a future project if I don’t use it for this one.

I’m sure as I work on this project I’ll need more parts and materials such as thermal paste. I’ll update this list as I get those things.

The Build:

The first step was to verify that the driver board and the LEDs hadn’t been damaged in shipping. This was pretty easily accomplished. I needed to solder a couple of short wires to the LED PCB to connect a few pads together and then solder the PCB to the driver board. After doing this I was able to hold everything together while being careful not to short anything. I tapped the wires that will connect to the switch together and it came to life!

I was so relieved that I hadn’t damaged anything and it all functioned as expected. Here’s a cool photo my dad snapped for me before I had to turn off the light to prevent it from overheating.
I’m super excited about this build. The light will be extremely bright, I only had it on for a few seconds and it was enough to make me see spots for a few minutes afterwards. I wasn’t even looking at the light, it was just in the corner of my eye.

While I was waiting for more parts to arrive I decided to start to disassemble the host so it would be ready to clean and add the components to. I was able to remove the wooden handle, the switch, and the lens/reflector. You can see in this photo that it’s fairly dirty, but what else can you expect from a light that’s about 70 years old? Big Smile

Next I soldered longer wires to the driver board to connect it to the switch. I hooked the switch in so I could give it a quick test and it worked as expected. This switch is going to be really satisfying to use, its big and nice and clicky.

After this I soldered the wires for the battery holders together to the wires that will connect the batteries to the driver board.

I also cut part of the holders off so the batteries could be removed from them easier. I’m not planning on removing the batteries often since the light will be USB rechargeable, but I’d still like to be able to remove them fairly easily just in case I have a reason to remove them. (I temporarily covered the solder joints with duct tape so they wouldn’t short, I’m going to replace it with electrical tape once I get some.)

Now onto the heatsink. I needed to drill a hole through the center for the wires to go through. The hole in the LED PCB is about 3/8th of an inch but I decided to make the hole through the aluminum 1/4 inch so the wires wouldn’t be pinched at all.
Here’s a couple of photos from after drilling this hole. In the one photo I’m holding a Folomov EDC C1 for size comparison. This is a 10440 light, so it’s pretty small, but it still shows how this is a pretty large piece of aluminum.

Next I needed to drill four small holes in the aluminum for the screws for the PCB to go into. For this I used a 1/16 inch drill bit since the screws I’m using are very small.
Here’s a photo showing the PCB sitting on the heatsink with arrows showing where the screws will go.

Now all that was left to do is the final assembly of the light! I considered soldering in the heatsink and driver board but I wanted to be able to dissassemble the light in the future so I could upgrade it so I decided on using a bunch of hot glue to hold everything in place. It’s not pretty, but it works good so I’m happy with it. Once all the components were inside the host it was time for a test!

I can’t tell you how awesome it felt to power this light on for the first time. It looks about twice as bright as my previous brightest light (an Emisar D4v2) and it has a really nice even beam. I wanted a slightly softer beam so I removed a few of the optics and used some matte clear spray paint to make the lens slightly frosted. It now has a really soft beam , it’s almost a floodlight.

Here’s a picture of the finished light!

I still have work I want to do to the light to make it even better such as adding tritium tubes and removing rust from it, but I’m really happy with where it is right now. I think it turned out pretty good for my first flashlight mod. It wasn’t easy and it took ages but it was worth it imo. Good luck to everyone else who entered the competition, I look forward to looking through all of your threads!

Edited by: domasleo on 01/11/2021 - 18:47
MRsDNF
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Hi and welcome to the comp domasleo.
You have certainly used an unusual host for your mod. Looking good. Beer

 

djozz quotes, "it came with chinese lettering that is chinese to me".

                      "My man mousehole needs one too"

old4570 said "I'm not an expert , so don't suffer from any such technical restrictions".

Old-Lumens. Highly admired and cherished member of Budget Light Forum. 11.5.2011 - 20.12.16. RIP.

 

domasleo
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Quote:
Looking good. Beer

Thanks! Any feedback or suggestions? I wanna make this as awesome as possible.

MRsDNF
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Others may have suggestions. I’d suggest to mount the leds to an aluminium or copper base making sure it was touching the housing.

 

djozz quotes, "it came with chinese lettering that is chinese to me".

                      "My man mousehole needs one too"

old4570 said "I'm not an expert , so don't suffer from any such technical restrictions".

Old-Lumens. Highly admired and cherished member of Budget Light Forum. 11.5.2011 - 20.12.16. RIP.

 

domasleo
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I’m going to use a large piece of aluminum rod, I’ll try to have it touching the walls of the host. Even if it’s not touching the host’s walls, it’s going to be a much larger heatsink than the one on the D18.

Tally-ho
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domasleo wrote:
Even if it’s not touching the host’s walls, it’s going to be a much larger heatsink than the one on the D18.

The aluminum rod is a heatsink but if it doesn’t touch the housing, the heat will be trapped inside the body (except if you have another plan to dissipate it), so MRsDNF suggested that it touches the housing to have heat dissipation from the external of the housing to the ambient air by convection…a bit like flashlights using a drop-in.
domasleo
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Yeah I’m going to try to have it touching the housing, but I don’t have any metalworking tools so I’ll have to see if I can make it work or not. If I can make it fit perfectly that would be awesome, but if not it won’t be a huge deal.

I know the heat won’t be dissipated very well if it’s not touching the walls, but I’m rarely going to use this light on turbo or even high, it’ll probably used on medium most of the time.

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domasleo very nice mod Thumbs Up
And Welcome to BLF Big Smile

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Looks good. That disassembled test looks familiar, like I’ve seen it before somewhere…

Looking forward to the build!

MtnDon
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Cool to see the parts gathering. Thumbs Up

domasleo
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Made another update to the post with more parts/progress!

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Great start for your build, domasleo. Crown

The host looks quite nice for being 70 years old. It has that Emisar blue of the D4 and D4SV2 that everybody desires but is discontinued.

In case you are looking for a D18 aux led board, Lexel sells one: http://budgetlightforum.com/node/68146

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That’s a very cool looking retro build. Looking forward to the final product Smile

  

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domasleo wrote:
Made another update to the post with more parts/progress!

Nice work Domaselo, Very interesting build.
It seems to me that the original wires that come with the battery box are not thick enough to support your planned current level.
Also the battery holders does not seems to be able to handle high current.
I think you may want to use thicker wires and to bypass the spring and the positive terminal.
Even better solution IMHO since you are planning to use USB charging you can solder the cells and make a permanent internal batteries pack.

My FW repository

My BLF/OL contest entries: 7th 8th 9th 

domasleo
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Yeah I’m not sure if the battery holders and wires can handle the current, I’m going to do an extended test with them soon to see if they hold up or not.

grin
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I like that style of light it will be even better modded Thumbs Up

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There will be far too much voltage sag over wires and springs and you’ll lose a lot of your mods potential. You’ll need another solution.
You can’t even reliably bypass the springs or use thicker wires. When soldering springs and contacts they will probably melt out of the plastic. These holders are crap. I also support the idea of a soldered battery pack.

But the thin wires of the cell holders might serve pretty well as fuse … or a heater …

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You can solder wires to the brass terminal for the + and to the spring for the -
But you have to be VERY careful not to melt the plastic!
I managed to do it using 63/37 solder with flux core, don’t even try with lead free ones

domasleo
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I got a nice solder station that can get very hot as well as some really nice flux and solder so I was able to solder directly to the board. I was just quick so it wouldn’t get too hot.

I’ll hopefully be updating my main post soon! The light is pretty much finished, I’m just troubleshooting some small issues and making some finishing touches.

pinkpanda3310
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Any finishing pics domasleo ?

  

domasleo
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Sorry for not updating in ages. I’ve finished the flashlight but I’ve just been busy. I should finish writing up my post within a couple of weeks. Can’t wait to share, this light is super fun!

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We are looking fwd to the pics Cool

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Nice find on the light . I like to “ modernize “ old lights . I melted one of that style , but it was plastic. Your build is looking good .

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Just over 2 weeks to get those finishing pics up mate Cool

  

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Bumping this post since I finally got around to finishing writing it up!

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Great to see you managed to finish your flashlight, domasleo. Cool

Nice combination of old and new technology. Good looking fotos as well. The resolution is a little high for slow internet connections but I do like nice big fotos.

What kind of glass lens are you using? It looks very dark in the last picture. Is it some kind of reflection that makes the aluminium look like copper in some of your pictures?

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The lens is just the stock plastic lens from the flashlight that I frosted with some matte clear spray paint. In the photo it only looks dark because of the lighting, it’s kind of in a shadow.

And the aluminum is colored a bit weirdly because of the lighting in the pics and the way I edited the pics.

PS. Just checked out your flashlight mod, great job! I love the way the Aux LEDs look! I hope to add aux LEDs to my light sometime in the future.