Test/Review of 15W USB Power Adapter

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HKJ
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Test/Review of 15W USB Power Adapter
15W USB Power Adapter

DSC_0703

Official specifications:
  • Input: 100 - 240V 0.5A 50 - 60Hz
  • Output: DC 5V 3.1A ( 2.1A + 1A )
  • Transfer efficiency: More than 80 percent
  • Cable length: 130cm
  • Functions: Multi-functions
  • Color: White

I got it from Gearbest sku:130875302

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I got this charger in a cardboard box.

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The box included the charger and a mains cable.

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Measurements
  • Power consumption when unloaded 0.13 watt
  • The two outputs are in parallel.
  • 1A usb port coded as USB charger (DCP)
  • 2.1A usb port coded as Apple 2.1A


15W%20USB%20Power%20Adapter%201A%20load%20sweep

15W%20USB%20Power%20Adapter%202.1A%20load%20sweep

15W%20USB%20Power%20Adapter%20load%20sweep

The two ports are in parallel and the output and overload protection are common for them, i.e. if I test the 1A, the 2.1A or both port in parrallel, I get the same result. The voltage will raise slightly when loaded.

15W%20USB%20Power%20Adapter%202.8A%20load%20test

Running the output at nearly the rated load, did not work, the charger disabled the output after 12 minutes.

15W%20USB%20Power%20Adapter%202.4A%20load%20test

Reducing the load did help, but not enough.

15W%20USB%20Power%20Adapter%202.1A%20load%20test

The charger can only run one port at full power, not both ports as the rating says. Because the charger is designed to fit one phone I do not see this as a big problem.
The temperature photos below are taken between 30 minutes and 60 minutes into the one hour test.

Temp2175

M1: 47,5°C, M2: 41,3°C, HS1: 73,3°C
HS1 is probably the two rectifier diodes.

Temp2176

M1: 40,5°C, M2: 47,4°C, M3: 58,6°C, M4: 51,1°C, HS1: 78,6°C

10ohm

There is a lot of noise in the output 80mV rms and 1120mVpp

2.5ohm

Increasing the load made it a bit worse: 174mV rms and 1330mVpp




Tear down

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Some pressure and the bottom popped open and could be broken off.

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The design looks very simple with lots of space, it must be easy to keep safety distances here.
There is a mains switcher transistor and two rectifier diodes.

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There is a bit more electronic on the bottom, it has a bridge rectifier on the input and a mains switcher IC. There is no optical feedback.
I am missing a fuse and some inductors on the input.

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The designer must have missed the course about safety distances, there is less than two mm between mains and low volt side.
There are other places with way to short safety distances, the blue is low volt side, the red is mains side.


The charger passed an isolation test with 2500 volt, but failed a 5000 volt test, this makes the charger acceptable for 110VAC usage, but doubtful for 230VAC usage.



Conclusion

The charger has less output power than specified and lot of output noise, but the worst problem is the bad safety.



Notes

The usb power supply was supplied by gearbest for a review.

Index of all tested USB power supplies/chargers
Read more about how I test USB power supplies/charger

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

ReManG
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HKJ thanks again for another great review. I have come to rely on your tests for more purchases here than anything else.

Ormbett
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ReManG wrote:
HKJ thanks again for another great review. I have come to rely on your tests for more purchases here than anything else.

+1 (only exception in recent time is the USB charger “Koppla” from IKEA that I bought after I saw it was tested by Intertek/SEMKO). And I hope HKJ will test it in the future too.

light-wolff
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HKJ wrote:
The designer must have missed the course about safety distances, there is less than two mm between mains and low volt side.
There are other places with way to short safety distances, the blue is low volt side, the red is mains side.

And even worse: CY1 should be a Y-rated safety capacitor (as its name even suggests), but it is far from being one. Using just a standard MLCC between mains and USB-side is absolutely irreponsible.
Henk4U2
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ReManG wrote:
HKJ thanks again for another great review. I have come to rely on your tests for more purchases here than anything else.

The same goes for me: I tend to wait to pull the trigger till I know what your verdict is. At the moment I’m waiting for you opinion on some of the things you’ve ordered for test purposes (won’t say what, when you’re ready and done is soon enough for me). BTW, you even manage to teach this old pony some new tricks, aka things about what-and-why I did not know before I read your reviews!

You are a flashaholic if you are forced to come out of the closet, to make room for more flashlights.