Test/review of DMM UNI-T UT195E

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HKJ
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Test/review of DMM UNI-T UT195E

DMM UNI-T UT195E
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This is a industrial grade DMM designed for electricians. This is the simplest of the meters in the 195 series.
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I got it without the box, but in the pouch.
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With all parts inside.
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That was the meter, the probes and a Chinese manual (I could download an English version).
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Probes are branded UNI-T and rated for 20A, they have very low resistance and the 20A rating looks good enough.
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With a tip cover they are CAT IV 600V or CAT III 1000V, without CAT II 1000V (This is fairly standard for probes).
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The plugs are fully shrouded, but the shroud is a bit short
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The meter is fairly heavy and the range switch easy to turn, this means it can easily be used with one hand, either lying flat or standing.
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All the red plastic is slightly rubberized in feel including the range switch.
The red plastic works as bumbers from any direction.

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The battery/fuse compartment is sealed and due to that the lid uses 5 screws, that usual stays in the lid (i.e. no lost screws).
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The flashlight led and a hanger.
Display
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All the segments are shown during power on.
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Typical display during usage, it will show the number and selected measurement
Functions
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Buttons:


  • Range: Select manual range and change range, hold down to reactivate automatic ranging (Hz and C is always auto).
  • Max/min: Capture maximum and minimum values, it will change between max/min, bargraph will show actual value. Hold down to disable.
  • Rel: Shows values relative to current value, will also select manual range. Press again to disable.
  • Hz %: Show frequency and duty cycle in AC voltage and current ranges, in Hz mode it will select duty cycle.
  • Hold (Yellow): Will freeze the display reading, until pressed again.
  • backlight: Turn automatic backlight off until next power cycle.
  • flashlight: Turn flashlight on or off.
  • Select (Blue): Select DC/AC in voltage and current modes, continuity in ohm mode and can also be used to show duty cycle in Hz mode.

Rotary switch:

  • LoZ: Low input impedance (300kOhm), range is always 600VAC.
  • Off: Meter is turned off
  • V: AC or DC voltage
  • mV: AC or DC milli volt
  • ohm: Ohm and continuity.
  • diode: Diode.
  • capacitance: Capacitanse.
  • Hz: Logical frequency input.
  • uA: Micro ampere DC or AC
  • mA: Milli ampere DC or AC
  • A: Ampere DC or AC

Input
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  • uAmA: Micro and milli ampere input.
  • 20ADC: 20A DC current input.
  • COM: The common terminal for all ranges.
  • xxx: All other ranges.

Measurements

  • Volt and frequency

    • Volt ranges starts in AC
    • 1V AC readings is 5% down at 2kHz, rms will not work at that frequency
    • Frequency input do not require a zero crossing.
    • At 0.1Vrms frequency input range is from 1Hz to 4MHz
    • At 1Vrms frequency input range is from 1Hz to 24MHz
    • Duty cycle works from 7% to 97% at 100kHz with 4Vpp, precision is within 0.4.
    • Max/min needs about 390ms to capture a voltage, autorange is disabled when using this function.
    • Input impedance is 10-11Mohm on DC and AC
    • mVDC is high impedance up to about 2V where it drops to about 20kOhm, above 14V it will drop to 3kOhm
    • mVAC is the same, but capped by a 10MOhm resistor.
    • LowZ is constant 300kOhm input impedance and is locked in 600VAC range.
    • Input protection is 1000VDC/750VAC

  • Current

    • 20A range has audible alarm above 20A
    • 20A range is fused with a 11A/1000V 10×38mm fuse
    • mAuA range is fused with a 0.6A/1000V 6×32mm fuse
    • Current ranges starts in DC
    • Peak can be selected in AAC.

  • Ohm, continuity, diode and capacitance

    • Ohm needs about 2.6s to measure 100ohm
    • Ohm voltage is 1.0V open and 0.26mA shorted.
    • Continuity is very fast (About 10ms).
    • Continuity beeps when resistance is below 50ohm.
    • Continuity is 1.0V open and 0.26mA shorted
    • Diode range uses 3.8V, max. display is 3.000V at 0.33mA, max. current is 1.5mA shorted
    • 10uF takes about 1 seconds to measure.
    • 11000uF takes about 7 seconds to measure.
    • Overload protection is 1000V

  • Miscellaneous

    • Current consumption of meter is 2.4 to 3mA (16mA with flashlight, 8mA with background light, max. 21mA).
    • Display starts fading around 3.2V and is gone at 2.2V, battery symbol show at 7.3V.
    • Readings will be correct until the display is faded.
    • Backlight fades with dropping voltage and is mostly gone at 5.5V
    • Flashlight fades with dropping voltage and is mostly gone at 3V
    • Viewing angle is good
    • Display updates around 3 times/sec
    • Bargraph updates around 10 times/sec
    • Backlight will automatic turn on when in dark surroundings
    • Flashlight will not turn off automatic, but turns off with the auto power off.
    • Will automatic turn power off in about 15 minutes.
    • Standard probes cannot be fully seated in the meter, but they do connect.
    • The meter usual need a few display update to before it display the value.
    • Weight is 490g without accessories, but with battery.
    • Size is 195 × 96 × 61mm

  • Probes

    • Probe resistance 17mOhm for one, that is very low.
    • Probe wire are 88cm long and feels a bit stiff, probably due to the thickness.


1uF
A look at the capacitance measuring waveform with a 1uF capacitor.
DMMInputVoltageSweepHz
Frequency input is constant 10Mohm resistance.
DMMInputVoltageSweepmVDC
mVDC is high impedance up to about 2V.
DMMschema
Tear down
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I had to remove 6 screws to open the meter. This meter uses metal inserts for the screws and they stay in the bottom (very nice).
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The flashlight is a small circuit board with metal strips working as spring connections to the main board. The circuit board only has the led on it, nothing else. The led contains 3 leds inside.
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8 screws more (4 for the terminals and 4 smaller screws for the circuit board) and I could remove the circuit board.
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There is not the usual pads for buttons on the circuit board, instead a flat flex wire comes from the front.
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A flexible circuit board is used for the switch pads.
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The wires to the backlight is a bit close, I will snip a mm off them before putting the meter together again.
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Two screws and I could remove the display.
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There is not much on this side of the circuit board. A LDR for automatic backlight control, a cut-out at the mA input terminal and the usual pads for range switch and display zebra stribe.
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The voltage input has 3 tracks, two with PTC’s (PTC1 & PTC1A and PTC2 & PTC2A) and one with resistors (R40A, R40B, R40C: 3×300Kohm) mounted between the PTC’s. The two trakcs with PTC’s are protected with MOV’s (SG1, SG2, SG3). There is also some transistor pairs for protection: mV range (Q14 & Q15), diode (Q6 & Q?), ohm and capacitance (Q4 & Q5). The voltage input resistor (R1..R4: 4×2.5Mohm) is mounted after the MOV’s, besides the LowZ resistor (R27: 300Kohm)
The current ranges has a A shunt (R26, probably 0.01ohm), a mA shunt (R28: 1ohm) and a uA shunt (R33: 99ohm). The diodes (D9.. D13) protect the mA resistors until the fuse blows. The uA resistor is protected by a transient voltage suppression diode (TVS1).
My guess is that all the diodes (DD1..DD6 & D4..D8) is used for encoding range switch position to one of the chips.
The area around U5 & U6 is the internal 3.3V power supply.
The multimeter is (U1: DTA0660L) with calibration EEPROM (U2: DM24C02A), this is controlled from a ARM processor (U3: EFM32ZG222F32, 32kB flash, 4kB ram), there is also a LCD driver (U4: HY2613B 4×36) for handling the display.
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Conclusion
This meter has a lot of protection, i.e. the CAT rating is probably correct.
This meter has a good selection of ranges and functions for a standard multimeter with the addition of LowZ and flashlight. The automatic backlight looks like a useful feature.
This meter looks to be a rather robust meter with a simple user interface (Most functions on the range switch are directly selected and no secondary functions on the buttons).
Notes
UNI-T do often make rebranded meters, i.e. it may exist with other names on it.
How do I review a DMM
More DMM reviews

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

MRsDNF
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Nice review HKJ. Thanks. Beer

 

djozz quotes, "it came with chinese lettering that is chinese to me".

                      "My man mousehole needs one too"

old4570 said "I'm not an expert , so don't suffer from any such technical restrictions".

Old-Lumens. Highly admired and cherished member of Budget Light Forum. 11.5.2011 - 20.12.16. RIP.

 

everydaysurvivalgear
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Thanks for the review HKJ the input protection looks good.

This is basically a more beefy UT139C has a few more features but the price made me cry lol. Would you really chose this meter over a Brymen or Fluke?

mrheosuper
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how about burden voltage at Current measuring mode ?

Forgot my pen

HKJ
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mrheosuper wrote:
how about burden voltage at Current measuring mode ?

It is already in the review and it is fairly standard:

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

mrheosuper
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HKJ wrote:
mrheosuper wrote:
how about burden voltage at Current measuring mode ?

It is already in the review and it is fairly standard:

!http://lygte-info.dk/pic/cpf5/BurdenVoltage.png!


oh i missed it, thanks
btw, what is the unit, mV/mA or what ?

Forgot my pen

HKJ
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mrheosuper wrote:
HKJ wrote:
mrheosuper wrote:
how about burden voltage at Current measuring mode ?

It is already in the review and it is fairly standard:

!http://lygte-info.dk/pic/cpf5/BurdenVoltage.png!


oh i missed it, thanks
btw, what is the unit, mV/mA or what ?

Current is in Amps and drop is in volt, I have included u and m after the values as needed.

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

mrheosuper
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HKJ wrote:
mrheosuper wrote:
HKJ wrote:
mrheosuper wrote:
how about burden voltage at Current measuring mode ?

It is already in the review and it is fairly standard:

!http://lygte-info.dk/pic/cpf5/BurdenVoltage.png!


oh i missed it, thanks
btw, what is the unit, mV/mA or what ?

Current is in Amps and drop is in volt, I have included u and m after the values as needed.


so if the display shows “1mA”, the voltage drop on DMM is 101mV?, not good for low voltage measure then

Forgot my pen

HKJ
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mrheosuper wrote:
so if the display shows “1mA”, the voltage drop on DMM is 101mV?, not good for low voltage measure then

If you use the range with highest resolution, i.e. the same as auto range would select. You can manually select the next higher range and reduce the drop to about 1/10.
The drops are the same as most multimeters, one exception is the 121GW from EEVBlog, but the price is a small offset on some current ranges.
You can probably also find a few meters with about half the drop, but you will have to search my reviews (Sorry, but I cannot remember all the meters (I have reviewed about 100), but I can remember som meters having smaller value shunt resistors, I would expect lower burden voltage on them).
It is fairly easy to check in my table here: https://lygte-info.dk/info/DMMReviews.html , just hover the mouse above the meter name.

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/

Sirstinky
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So this meter goes for $148 shipped from China. It has good input protection, so I don’t think the CAT ratings are completely bogus, but it’s missing a temperature function. Much cheaper meters have that. Plus, I didn’t see any kind of independent lab ratings like ETL or UL to back up the claimed rating. Good quality meters even the lower end Brymens for around $140-150 have that. Those are what you look for if you are going to be doing anything over mains voltage or high energy stuff. Industrial meters are expensive because they are independently tested. UL tests to the point of failure, so I’d feel a lot better with a meter with that certification if I were working on high power motor starters or relays or junctions. I guess if you wanted a Uni-T meter that wouldn’t die from a stray static discharge this would work, but for $80 less with similar basic accuracy, 6000 counts, okay input protection, temp function, get a 139C or 139S. Or spend $114 and get a Brymen BM257, or get a Brymen BM827 for $150.

Lexel
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HKJ wrote:
mrheosuper wrote:
how about burden voltage at Current measuring mode ?

It is already in the review and it is fairly standard:


1mA burden voltage seems to be a typing error?

Too bad it does not use AA batteries like the UT139S for normal rechargeable batteries

HKJ
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Lexel wrote:

1mA burden voltage seems to be a typing error?

No. The standard configuration on many multimeters are:
Up to XmA: 100ohm shunt resistor
Up to X00mA: 1 ohm shunt resistor and about 1 ohm fuse (The fuse is also present above, but not significant).
Up to 10A: 0.01ohm shunt resistor and a 10A fuse.

I did write something about how multimeters are designed here: https://lygte-info.dk/info/DMMDesign%20UK.html

Lexel wrote:
Too bad it does not use AA batteries like the UT139S for normal rechargeable batteries

My website with reviews of many chargers and batteries (More than 1000): https://lygte-info.dk/